Lake Titicaca, Birthplace of the Sun. Bolivia Part II

For those of us who live in Asia, travelling to South America cannot happen very often as it’s just too far of a distance to travel.  Bearing that in mind, I’ve decided to continue posting about Bolivia while the experiences are still fresh in my memory so I can more accurately, share them with you.

Another legendary place I’ve heard about since taking Spanish classes in Middle School is Lake Titicaca, Birthplace of the God of the Sun and the Incas.  I first embarked on our trip to Titicaca thinking that we’d be visiting the famous Floating Reed Islands.  Turns out, those Islands are located on the Peruvian side of Titicaca and since we were on the Bolivian side, we did not get to see them.   However, “La Isla Del Sol” or Island of the Sun and “La Isla Del Luna”, Island of the Moon were both closer to the Bolivian docks and so, we focused our journey here instead.

Above) A Panaromic View of Lake Titicaca on a Cloudy Day

“La Isla Del Sol” was believed by the Incas to be the birthplace of the God of the Sun.  It’s a remarkably large island located in the middle of a remarkably large lake.  To get from village to village, a boat is your best and only option besides hiking over the mountain peaks.  On either end of the island are Temples built by the Tiahuanaco people, who ruled before the Incas.  (Technically, the term “Inca” can only be used to refer to the King, though nowadays, we use “Inca” to refer to the strongest High Plateau civilization, the Quechua) The Temple of the Sunrise was built to greet the Rising Sun in the East, and the Temple of Sunset was built to bid farewell to the Setting Sun in the West.   Each temple is built as a mini labyrinth that consists of different passageways and chambers for priests to perform different rites and rituals.  Judging from the short openings of the doorways (Some only measure 4.5’ tall), I assume that the Tiahuanaco who built these Temples some 1000 years ago were physically much smaller than we are now today.    Around these religious sites are stone towers stacked by visitors for it’s believed that the higher you are able to stack your stone tower, the closer to the Sun God you are in Spirit. 

Above) Ruins of The Temple of the Sunset

Despite the number of tourists (mostly young backpackers), most natives still live a very traditional lifestyle where their main income is farming.  The entire Isla Del Sol is covered in Terraces for High Altitude Crops that include Quinoa, Lima Beans, Maize, Snow Peas, and Local Sweet Potatoes.  These Terraces remind me of the Rice and Tea Terraces of Vietnam and China. Like Santorini and other Greek Islands, the natives who live on Isla Del Sol use Donkeys and Mules to transport all goods to the higher slopes of the island via steep stone pathways, as there isn’t a single car or buggy on the Island. 

1&2)  Terraced Fields of Crops, 3) I can't figure out what that Door is for, 4) Mother and her1 wk Old Lamb, 5) High Altitude Cows are Fuzzy, 6A) Stone Road to the Temple, 6B) Inca Steps up Isla Del Sol, 7) View of Isla Del Sol 6:15 am, 8) Isla Del Sol Market Place, 9) Island Courier Service

 Living in a city like Hong Kong, I almost never see clear blue skies or lush greenery.  I don’t know if it’s the high altitude and/or the lack of pollution in Titicaca that makes the waters blue-er and the grass greener, but I was so happy to finally see a thick carpet of grass again!  In fact, the hummingbirds in Titicaca are literally FOUR times the size of hummingbirds we see in the United States.  They’re bigger than the city sparrows in Hong Kong!  The natives say it’s the high altitude and I think I believe them.  

1-3) Lake Titicaca 12 Noon, 4) Offerings to Pacha Mama, 5) Moon, the 2 wk old Baby Llama

 Standing on the cliffs of La Isla Del Sol and looking out at Lake Titicaca brings an unexplainable type of peace for those of us who come from highly populated cities.  You don’t need to close your eyes to concentrate on the sounds of nature that surround you.  It’s already so silent.  Everywhere, you can hear the wind blowing, birds chirping, perhaps, even the hum of a hummingbird’s fluttering wings.  Then as you look out on to the blue waters, the stillness of the lake surface is only occasionally broken by the arrival of a tour boat, which doesn’t happen very often.  

 Hope you can spot the hummingbird!

 - Kelly

Salar de Uyuni & the Tayka Desert

Salar de Uyuni, the world’s biggest natural mirror is something of a legend for world travelers.  Ten times the size of Hong Kong at an altitude of 3650 meters above sea level, The Salar is the world’s largest salt flat and up until three weeks ago, was at the top of my travel bucket list. 

  I’ve dreamt of going to this place since I first heard about it in 2009 and was finally able to this Chinese New Year Break.  It wasn’t easy getting there.  32 hours of flight time, 5 airport layovers, a lot of jetlag and 4200 meters in altitude later, we finally arrived in Bolivia and Uyuni! 

 The city of Uyuni was meant to be Bolivia’s version of what Buenos Aires is to Argentina, what Paris is to France.  Instead, we stepped into a deserted mining town that resembles a bad production of an Old Hollywood Western. Crumbling Brick and Mortar buildings, apartments with holes for windows, plastic sheet roofs, stray dogs, swirling dust…you get the picture. It was so easy to imagine tumbleweeds blowing through the one and only Main Street. Luckily, we were only here for a short breakfast while our guide arranged the supplies required for our stay in the Tayka Desert / Salar de Uyuni for the next 3 nights.

 Uyuni and the adjacent Tayka Desert are like night and day.  While Uyuni is a dead mining town, the Tayka Desert boasts some of the most majestic scenery I’ve ever seen in my life.  Words cannot begin to describe how astonishing some of these sites are.  We spent two days in a jeep riding on bumpy roads (if you can even call them that) visiting the different sites.   It was a very humbling experience for I’ve never felt so small compared to the vast and seemingly endless terrain.  In fact, the desert is so big we rarely saw other visitors except for the occasional llamas and flocks of flamingoes.  How our driver was able to navigate where we were going without a GPS still befuddles me. 

 Photos, In Order from Left to Right:
1) Stone Valley, Entrance to the Tayka Desert.  2) Laguna Primero.  3A) 1500 Yr. Old Medicinal Yurata.  3B) Sulfur Geysers at 4900 Meters Above Sea Level.  Walk at Your Own Risk.  4) Beautiful Colors of the Tayka.  5)  Laguna Colorada at Noontime.  6)  Laguna Colorada and its Resident Flamingoes.  7) Beautiful Colors of the Tayka.  8)  Stone Tree.  9)  Last Lake of the Tayka.  10) Swamplands where the Occasional Herd of Llamas or Alpacas Graze. 
Then, the main attraction of our trip, The Salar de Uyuni.  AMAZING, Unreal, Absolutely Magical.  It’s an experience that’s difficult to fathom unless you travel there and experience it in person.  When looking out at the salt flat, there are no buildings, no mountains, no trees or any other life form.  There’s nothing between your line of vision and the horizon.  The wet season just began and so our guide took us to the giant mirror while the sun was setting.  We spent a good 2 hours just standing and staring at the endless expanse of salt, water and sky around us.  We only left when the sun finally set and disappeared beyond the horizon.  
Photos, In Order from Left to Right:
1) The Chemical Properties of Salt create Natural Pentagons across the Entire Salt Flat when Dry.  2) 5:45 pm at 3650 Meters Above Sea Level.  The Clouds Are SO Close!  3A) Sunset at 6:15pm.  Absolutely Breathtaking. 4) And to Celebrate My Engagement (Haha), I'll end with a Picture of Me and My Fiance Frolicking on Nature's Giant Mirror.

 Though I realize this post isn’t about an interior space, I just felt compelled to share this experience.  Being a miniscule part of the Tayka Desert and The Salar de Uyuni for a few days has already given me a deeper understanding of how Mother Nature affects and shapes the culture of the people who live in the High Plateau of Bolivia.  I can see now, how the colors of the desert, red from iron, yellow from sulfur, make their way into the traditional clothing and practices of people’s daily lives.  I can see how the Great Andes Mountain range inspires their new Andean architectural style (though they still have a long, long way to go…).  I can see and understand why the Bolivians respect and worship Mother Nature for if I lived in such a magical place, I probably would too.  (In fact, “heaven” seems very near as the clouds are much closer than I’m normally used to due to the high altitude.)

 I highly recommend going to Uyuni before it becomes overcrowded with tourists and too developed.

This was a trip that I will keep on dreaming about.

- Kelly